Carmen Asiaín Pereira serves as a senator in the Parliament of Uruguay. She received a doctorate in law and social sciences from the University of the Republic and is a professor of law and religion, graduate studies program, at the University of Montevideo and a professor of law and religion and of health law, graduate program, Facultad de Teología del Uruguay Monseñor Mariano Soler. As an attorney accredited by the National Ecclesiastical Court (Uruguay and Argentina) and a partner at the law firm of Pollak & Brum, she is a litigator in matrimonial canon law and advises and litigates cases involving freedom of conscience and religion or belief against the State.
The following is a translated summary of her remarks as a panelist addressing “Latin American Perspectives on Religious Freedom” at the First Brazilian Symposium on Freedom of Relief or Belief (2022). Panelists discussed religious freedom in the context of international human rights law, the inter-American system, national laws—how the freedom is enshrined with different nuances in the constitutions of Latin American countries—and related issues facing the region.